Flower Adventure

For this week’s assignment, Wolfgang and I traveled to Secor Park with my mom. It was incredibly muddy and sunny, so Wolfgang was carried using his travel pouch and had a protective hat. Surprisingly, not many flowers were in bloom because of how cold it has been. Wolfgang and I eventually decided on the Wildflower Trail in hopes of finding enough flowers for this assignment. We eventually found plenty, but it did take a while.

FLOWER 1: Blue lupine

Lupinus perennis

This flower was found at Secor Park in Toledo, Ohio,

It is on page  66 in Newcomb’s Wildflowers Guide.

Common name: Wild/Blue lupine Scientific name: Lupinus perennis

Corolla: number of petals 5  separate or  fusedseparate

Calyx:  number of sepals 8+ separate or fused? separate

Adroecium: multiple, separate, whorled around pistil

Gynoecium type: unicarpellate, ovary cross-section contained one carpel

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or  perigynous or epigynous? perigynous

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)?  zygomorphic

Additional distinctive features: sepals are soft, the flower is stalk-like and is a purple gradient

FLOWER 2: Tartarian honeysuckle

Lonicera tatarica

This flower was found at Secor Park in Toledo, Ohio,

It is on page 294  in Newcomb’s Wildflowers.

Common name: Tartarian honeysuckle Scientific name: Lonicera tatarica

Corolla:  number of petals 5  separate or  fusedseparate

Calyx:    number of sepals 2 separate or fused? separate

Adroecium: at least 5 stamen per flower, all whorled around pistil

Gynoecium type: unicarpellate, as evident by single stigma lobe

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or  perigynous or epigynous? perigynous

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)?  actinomorphic

Additional distinctive features: petals are dark pink around edges with a white interior, sepals much larger compared to flower itself

FLOWER 3: Robin’s plantain

Erigeron pulchellus

This flower was found at Secor Park in Toledo, Ohio,

It is on page 382 in Newcomb’s Wildflowers.

Common name: Robin’s plantain Scientific name: Erigeron pulchellus

Corolla:  number of petals numerous separate or  fusedseparate

Calyx:    number of sepals 2 separate or fused? separate

Adroecium: numerous around center of flower

Gynoecium type: syncarpous, cross-section contained 5 carpels that were fused

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or  perigynous or epigynous? epigynous

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)? actinomorphic

Additional distinctive features: flowers seemed to be just now blooming so this is more of a summer flower, these were a bright purple but the flowers can also be white 

FLOWER 4: White baneberry

Actaea pachypoda

This flower was found at Secor Park in Toledo, Ohio,

It is on page 424  in Newcomb’s Wildflowers.

Common name: White baneberry/Doll’s Eyes Scientific name: Actaea pachypoda

Corolla:  number of petals 4+  separate or  fusedseparate

Calyx:    number of sepals 2+ separate or fused? separate

Adroecium: anthers are so abundant they hide the petals

Gynoecium type: unicarpellate, evident by single stigma

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or  perigynous or epigynous? epigynous

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)? actinomorphic

Additional distinctive features: eventually will produce berries

FLOWER 5: Spring Beauty

Claytonia virginica

This flower was found at Secor Park in Toledo, Ohio,

It is on page 270 in Newcomb’s Wildflowers.

Common name:Spring Beauty Scientific name: Claytonia virginica

Corolla:  number of petals 5  separate or  fusedseparate

Calyx:    number of sepals separate or fused? separate

Adroecium: 5 anthers present, covering pistil

Gynoecium type: cross-section revealed it to be unicarpellate

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or  perigynous or epigynous? perigynous

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)? actinomorphic

Additional distinctive features: petals were white with pink veins, seemed to be just now blooming

FLOWER 6: Wild geranium

Geranium maculatum

This flower was found at Secor Park in Toledo, Ohio,

It is on page 280 in Newcomb’s Wildflowers.

Common name: Wild geranium Scientific name: Geranium maculatum

Corolla:  number of petals 5  separate or  fusedseparate

Calyx:    number of sepals 5 separate or fused? separate

Adroecium: 8 stamens, whorled around the pistils

Gynoecium type: syncarpous, 5 carpels due to the 5 lobes of the stigma, and cross-section revealed them to be fused

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or  perigynous or epigynous? hypogynous

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)?  actinomorphic

Additional distinctive features: This flower was in most abundance, the petals seemed to differ: some flowers had petals as seen above, others were a slightly darker purple and petals were not as close together

FLOWER 7: White trillium

Trillium grandiflorum

This flower was found at Secor Park in Toledo, Ohio,

It is on page 124  in Newcomb’s Wildflowers.

Common name: White trillium Scientific name: Trillium grandiflorum

Corolla:  number of petals 3  separate or  fusedseparate

Calyx:    number of sepals 2 separate or fused? separate

Adroecium: 5 anthers, covering the pistil

Gynoecium type: cross-section revealed it to be unicarpellate

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or  perigynous or epigynous? perigynous

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)? actinomorphic

Additional distinctive features: despite the name having white, the flowers can be pink as seen above. Both petals and sepals were whorled, and petals are always in 3s.

FLOWER 8: Creeping buttercup

Ranunculus repens

This flower was found at Secor Park in Toledo, Ohio,

It is on page 242 in Newcomb’s Wildflowers.

Common name: Creeping buttercup Scientific name: Ranunculus repens

Corolla:  number of petals 5  separate or  fusedseparate

Calyx:    number of sepals 5 separate or fused? separate

Adroecium: numerous anthers whorled around the pistil

Gynoecium type: syncarpous, numerous pistils with single stigmas close together in the center

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or  perigynous or epigynous? hypogynous

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)? actinomorphic

Additional distinctive features: pictures cannot capture how bright of a yellow this flower is, it is also apparently incredibly toxic when eaten and should be handled with gloves! 

In the end, this flower expedition was successful and got the three of us out of the house and into the great outdoors. By the end of the trail, despite not walking at all, Wolfgang was tired and insisted on my mom carrying him.